Heat Emergency Guidelines

Guidelines


Please observe the following guidelines during a heat emergency:
  • Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine
  • Avoid too much sunshine
  • Conserve electricity not needed to keep you cool
  • Dress appropriately (wear loose-fitting, lightweight clothing and wear a wide brimmed hat)
  • Drink plenty of fluids even if you do not feel thirsty
  • Eat small meals and eat more often
  • Keep heat outside and cool air inside
  • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles
  • Seek cooler areas for outdoor recreation, and take necessary precautions to avoid overheating during exercise
  • Slow down and avoid strenuous activity
  • Take frequent breaks if you must work outdoors

Signs of Heat Emergencies


Watch for the following signs of heat exhaustion and heat stroke:

Heat Exhaustion


  • Body Temperature Will Be Near Normal
  • Cool, Moist, Pale or Flushed Skin
  • Dizziness and Exhaustion
  • Headache
  • Heavy Seating
  • Nausea or Vomiting

Heat Stroke


  • Body Temperature Can Be Very High - as High as 40 C (105 F)
  • Changes in Consciousness
  • Hot, Red Skin
  • Rapid, Weak Pulse and Rapid Shallow Breathing

Treatment of Heat Emergencies


Heat Cramps


Move the person to a cooler place and have him/her rest in a comfortable position. Lightly stretch the affected muscle and replenish fluids. Give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes. Do not give liquids with alcohol or caffeine in them as they can make conditions worse. If conditions worsen call 911.

Heat Exhaustion


Move the person to a cooler place. Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths. If the person is conscious, give cool water to drink, a half glass every 15 minutes. Ensure that the person drinks slowly. Do not give liquids that contain alcohol or caffeine. Let the victim rest in a comfortable position and watch for changes in his/her condition. If conditions worsen call 911.